Valley Dental Associates
9199 Reisterstown Road, Suite 206B, Owings Mills, MD 21117

Do You Know Your Tooth’s Anatomy?

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Owings Mills, call Valley Dental Associates today at (443) 898-1240 or make an appointment.

Valley Dental Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Owings Mills. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Valley Dental Associates, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Valley Dental Associates.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Everyone is so nice. The hygienist I had (Matt) was very patient with me, and cleaned my teeth gently. He was very personable. Dr. Gorman is always friendly, knows I don’t care to come to […]
Michele S.
elena did a great job cleaning my teeth
Steven K.
Valley Dental Associates has a great staff….they have always been friendly and accommodating to my needs. My first time there was a dental emergency, (I did have an actual first visit […]
Arlene K.
Matthew is a huge asset to the firm. He is thorough, gentle and knowledgeable.
Marcia S.
The friendly environment and wait time is awesome.
Cameron J.
Jennifer, my hygienist is wonderful! She was so gentle I barely knew she was there lol Great experience!!!
Stephanie J.
I have been going to this particular dental office practically all my life. My kids and husband also receive dental care here. I trust them with my and my family’s teeth.
Lauren C.
I like Dr. Gorman
Elyse S.
Very good service!!
Ana S.
Excellent care. No waiting.
Sarah B.
patient care, as soon as you walk to the check in desk
Lacretia C.
I was in a great deal of pain and was able to be squeezed in imedialty! I have terrible anxiety about having any type of dental work done however, Dr. Gorman always takes the time to explain to me […]
Ashley H.
Excellent service and professionalism as usual. Very satisfied.
Nicholas L.
Dr. Gorman is a very good dentist.
Elyse S.
Very pleasant experience. I come here regularly and am never disappointed. Hygienist Elena was excellent today.
Nicholas L.
Great service no wait time.
Caesar C.
The best atmosphere and service!
Yovnda T.
Office staff is efficient & clinical staff is knowledgeable & take good care of my teeth & gums.
Bonnie W.
Very good hygienest
Gary G.
Great experience with this office. The staff was really helpful in getting me in on a short notice. Dr. Challagulla is an excellent doctor, very attentive to patient’s needs and concerns. I usually […]
Oksana L.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

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Office Hours
  • Monday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Tuesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Wednesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Thursday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Friday 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (443) 898-1240
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