Valley Dental Associates
9199 Reisterstown Road, Suite 206B, Owings Mills, MD 21117

Know Your Teeth: Tooth Decay and Fillings

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To understand how cavities occur, it helps to start with a basic idea of how tooth anatomy works. Your teeth are made up of several layers. The outer layer is called enamel, and it is the toughest substance in your body. Underneath your gum line, cementum covers each of your teeth’s roots. The next layer is known as dentin. It has some nerve endings, but not as many as the core underneath, which is called the pulp. A mature tooth’s pulp serves only to warn us of damage or infection. It does so by transmitting the sensation of pain.

How Cavities Attack

Food trapped in the irregular grooves and pitted areas of your teeth’s chewing surfaces is often a root cause of decay. The damage soon spreads from their thin enamel surfaces to the tooth’s underlying dentin. Another way a cavity attacks is from smoother surfaces between teeth or on the front and back. The affected area is usually wide and comes to a point at the entrance to deeper layers of the tooth.

How Your Dentist Finds and Treats Tooth Decay

Visual exams and use of small probes assist your dentist in finding cavitations. X-ray examinations, especially bitewing x-rays, reveal caries wedged between teeth and under the gum line. When these methods don’t reveal enough information, your dentist may use a disclosing solution to test suspicious areas. If a cavity extends into the dentin, treatment is necessary. The two-part goal of cavity treatment includes removing decay and replacing it with a filling material. After injecting a local anesthetic, your dentist uses a high-speed dental drill to remove all decayed portions of the tooth and prepare it for a filling. A liner is often inserted into the tooth to reduce sensitivity. Base cements may be added to deeper fillings for temperature insulation. The actual filling is usually made from amalgam, resin, porcelain or gold. Fillings are layered on top of the liner to rebuild its structure.

Preventing Cavities

While affordable dentists can repair most decayed teeth, cavity prevention is always preferable. The easiest way to avoid the dental drill is to maintain excellent oral hygiene. Brush at least twice every day, and floss once daily. Avoid or limit sugary snacks and drinks, and visit your dentist regularly.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Owings Mills, call Valley Dental Associates today at (443) 898-1240 or make an appointment.

Valley Dental Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Owings Mills. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Valley Dental Associates, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Valley Dental Associates.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Valley Dental Associates has a great staff….they have always been friendly and accommodating to my needs. My first time there was a dental emergency, (I did have an actual first visit appointment […]
Arlene K.
Great office an atmosphere.. Staff is great and Dr. Oppeheim made me feel very comfortable
Erica F.
I trust my dentist completely.
Barry M.
Everyone is so nice. The hygienist I had (Matt) was very patient with me, and cleaned my teeth gently. He was very personable. Dr. Gorman is always friendly, knows I don’t care to come to dentist […]
Michele S.
Very good hygienest
Gary G.
I’ve been coming to Dr. Gorman for over 20 years and have always received excellent care. He listens and takes my best interest of my visits.
Yvonne W.
Jennifer, my hygienist is wonderful! She was so gentle I barely knew she was there lol Great experience!!!
Stephanie J.
Excellent service and professionalism as usual. Very satisfied.
Nicholas L.
Clean friendly.Dr. Gorman has been there for a long time. I trust him.
April S.
I have already recommended two of my friends to this office. They are very professional and friendly.
Alicia H.
The friendly environment and wait time is awesome.
Cameron J.
Dr. Gorman is a very good dentist.
Elyse S.
I was taken on time and I was out 1 hr later (which was the length of time I was told it would take)
Pearl Z.
I’m happy with Dr. Gorman and the staff.
Susan R.
Very professional and personable service.
Maria E.
The assistant cleaning my teeth was very pleasant and very knowledgeable concerning my teeth problem and how it is affected by my diabetes.
Charles C.
The staff is very friendly and the office is very clean. I had a root canal done and the pain level was about slim to none. Dr. Oppenheim is the best!!!
Denise D.
I was very happy with my services!
Willie R.
Everyone in the office provides great customer service. Dr. Snyder is very nice, calm and caring. He is very gentle with the procedures and ensures that his patients understand what is being done.
Ciara W.
The best atmosphere and service!
Yovnda T.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

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Office Hours
  • Monday 8:30 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Wednesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Thursday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Friday 8:30 AM - 4:30 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (443) 898-1240
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