Valley Dental Associates
9199 Reisterstown Road, Suite 206B, Owings Mills, MD 21117

Do You Know Your Tooth’s Anatomy?

dca-blog_article-32_understanding-your-teeth

Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Owings Mills, call Valley Dental Associates today at (443) 898-1240 or make an appointment.

Valley Dental Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Owings Mills. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Valley Dental Associates, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Valley Dental Associates.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Dr. Gorman and his staff are awesome. Always friendly, always communicative, and they're always willing and able to answer my questions.
Sandi F.
Dr. Michael Weitzman and his staff are the absolute best. I've been going to Valley Dental for many years and never disappointed in service and […]
Jerome G.
I have been a patient of Dr. Weitzman for several years now and I have nothing to say but thank you for the excellent service rendered to me and also […]
Douglas B.
Great service ....... Dr. Gorman is the best.
Hilda F.
Excellent experience!
Rochelle F.
My visit is always great!!! The best Dentist office I have ever been to!!!!
Nicole W.
Always glad to receive dedicated care by a wonderful staff and professional dentists in your practice :)
Amit Y.
Timely, courteous, expertise
Anita S.
Very professional staff.
Stanley Z.
I am more then please with my experience with Valley Dental.
John J.
Good professional servive
Jane G.
The staff was really helpful and compassionate.
Renee Y.
The care taken was really impressive and they are really good in doing a complete oral check up
Ravi C.
This has been the best office i've ever been to. Even better than other doctors i.e optometrist, general doctor, etc. It is never crowded. There is a […]
Taylor T.
Excellent cleaning
Dieter L.
Great staff and I love Dr. Weiztman excellent care and very thorough and patient.
Trene F.
I called today with a dental emergency at 11:00AM. I was given an appointment 2 hour later. I am now without the extreme pain! Thanks to Norma & Dr […]
Andrew R.
I am a life long patient with Valley and will remain so, whomever helps me is always aweesome.
Elliot B.
I am always treated so well by the staff, dental assistant and especially the dentist! In the past, I avoided seeing the dentist because my teeth […]
Renee B.
Outstanding staff and services
Rachel D.
The staff and provider were excellent
Donna C.
Valley dental meets all my expectation.
Lloyd H.
Dr. Stewart was excellent.
Judith F.
Dr. Stewart and Octavia were so wonderful to me. I have such anxiety when I go to the dentist and they both made me feel so at ease. Octavia even […]
Veronica W.
mat was very pleasant, efficient and thorough. this is my second time with him and I have scheduled my next cleaning with him . Norma and Dr. […]
Gail K.
Matthew made me feel comfortable. He was positive and cleaned my teeth quickly.
Lashanda L.
Tough procedure performed without pain and in a very pleasant manner.
Charles S.
I can't say that my favorite thing is going to the dentist, but If I must, Valley Dental is the place. It's very professional and the doctors, […]
Merle P.
My experience was great , i came in for a root canal , and was a little nervous about the pain , but Dr. Gorman and his asistant was the best ,i felt […]
Craig S.
Very good experience for my first visit
Christeen H.
No waiting. Staff was very attentive. Dr. Gorman explained every step of the procedure he was performing and what I should expect next.
Mark P.
Every one was very pleasant, and nice .and took good care of me .
Linda K.
Dr Weitzman has my highest recommendation.
Mayer S.
Dr. Gorman did an excellent job of diagnosing and treating my tooth problem.
Susan H.
Service was great and professional. People were friendly.
Nicole B.
It wax very good experience .
Joyce C.
I was able to get an appt very easily. All staff that I interacted with were very friendly and courteous. I don't like going to the dentist and they […]
Sharon L.
Dr. Gorman is great!
Barton S.
All the staff at Valley Dental is wonderful especially Dr. Srewart. She was kind professional and very understanding
Romana D.
Excellent service very accommodating.
Stanley Z.
The front desk was very welcoming. The hygienist was very epithetical and made sure I was comfortable with the process. The dentist was very open and […]
Joseph T.
I called for an emergency appointment , and I was seen right away.
Kenneth K.
No one would think going to a dentist is fun especially with serious dental problems. But the dedication, concern and competence of Dr. Weizman and […]
Charles S.
Friendly, professional staff. Linda is so friendly, she rocks!
Scott S.
Because of sinus problems, I have been anxious about dental visits for many, many years. However, Dr. Stewart, Dr. Kleinman, the Big O, Rico and the […]
Thomas C.
Always excellent
Bernard K.
Complex appointment made as pleasant as possible by dentist and assistant.
Charles S.
The dental service was excellent!
Nadine W.
Dr. Weitzman and his colleagues are truly excellent - very skilled and quick, and on top of all aspects of dental care. I am usually someone who […]
Lee W.
As always a great experience!
Teresa C.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
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We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

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Office Hours
  • Monday 8:30 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Wednesday 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (443) 898-1240
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