Valley Dental Associates
9199 Reisterstown Road, Suite 206B, Owings Mills, MD 21117

Do You Know Your Tooth’s Anatomy?


Your teeth are essential for everyday functioning. You use them to bite and chew, and they help you speak properly, but how much do you really know about them? Here’s a quick reference to help you understand the various types of teeth and their composition.

  • Your tooth’s crown is the visible portion inside your mouth.
  • The outer surface of your teeth is covered with enamel, the hardest substance in your body. It is mostly made up of the hard mineral, calcium phosphate.
  • The layer below your enamel is called dentin. It is made from living cells that secrete mineral.
  • Below dentin is the pulp, which is the central living structure of the tooth. It is full of blood vessels and nerve tissues.
  • Cementum consists of connective tissues designed to bind the tooth roots to the gums and jaw.
  • The periodontal ligament assists in holding your teeth against your jawbone.
  • The tooth root extends below the gum line and into the jaw.

Adult Teeth Types

Most adults have 32 teeth as described below.

  • Incisors are the four middle teeth located on the top and bottom of the jaw (eight total).
  • The four canine teeth are the pointed, sharp teeth located just outside of the incisors.
  • Eight premolars erupt between the molars and canine teeth.
  • Molars are the four flat teeth at the back of the mouth. They are used for grinding food.
  • The four third molars, commonly called wisdom teeth, erupt in the late teens, but they are often extracted to prevent complications.

Keep Teeth Healthy with Essential Dental Care

While an affordable dentist can help save your teeth when tooth decay, disease, or injury threaten them, even the best dentist can’t follow you home to make sure you’re cleaning them properly. To keep your smile healthy and bright, and spend less time in the dentist’s chair, brush twice each day with a soft-bristled toothbrush, and floss daily. If you experience bleeding, painful or swollen gums, or visible tooth decay, make an appointment with your dentist as soon as possible.

To learn about our family dentistry practice in Owings Mills, call Valley Dental Associates today at (443) 898-1240 or make an appointment.

Valley Dental Associates offers affordable family dentistry and gentle, compassionate dental care in Owings Mills. Our office is conveniently located with extended hours to meet your needs. At Valley Dental Associates, we provide most dental services, from basic preventative care and general dentistry to specialized procedures and complete dental reconstruction. We accept most dental insurance plans and offer affordable financial solutions for any budget. Patient satisfaction is our top priority and we strive to provide the exceptional, affordable dental care and personal touch that lead to lasting relationships. A smiling patient is our greatest reward and we look forward to keeping those smiles healthy, beautiful, and bright. Discover an affordable dentist who truly cares at Valley Dental Associates.

Read What Our Patients Say
Patient Reviews
Great service no wait time.
Caesar C.
The staff and Dr Oppenheimer are great. He pulled my teeth and I don’t even know it’s gone.
Verethia W.
patient care, as soon as you walk to the check in desk
Lacretia C.
I was taken on time. The staff was friendly. I have been a patient there for many years.
Linda P.
Everyone is so nice. The hygienist I had (Matt) was very patient with me, and cleaned my teeth gently. He was very personable. Dr. Gorman is always friendly, knows I don’t care to come to dentist […]
Michele S.
Mathew is terrific
Mark B.
I really liked the atmosphere along with how knowledgeable everyone was at this dental office.
Avril B.
It was the most thourough dental examination I have ever had. Everyone has a great bedside manner.
Michelle C.
Excellent prompt and responsive
Gary G.
Excellent service, from front desk to the dental chair.
Lacretia C.
The dental tech was so knowledgeable, and proficient at cleaning my teeth, that I almost fell asleep!
Tracy T.
the service was excellent and my Dr have me a pain free experience.
Ashley M.
Primary reason is Matt (dental hygienist), who is always very thorough, very detail-oriented and a pleasant person to be around. Second reason is Dr. Gorman and his staff who have always been very […]
Michael S.
Everyone is so great! I get so nervous to go to the dentist but they made it actually enjoyable believe it or not! Great practice!!
Melissa C.
I was very happy with my services!
Willie R.
Dr Gorman and staff are very thorough and sincerely concerned about patient dental health.
Sonia G.
I have been going to this particular dental office practically all my life. My kids and husband also receive dental care here. I trust them with my and my family’s teeth.
Lauren C.
I thought this particular treatment was going to be painful during and after but that wasn’t the case. It was a good experience (for the dentist) , and even a better experience afterwards when […]
Christeen H.
Great experience today. Very professional and courteous staff. Front desk receptionist Cheryl and Hygentist Jennifer were the best. Can’t leave out Dr. “G” he has a way of putting a smile on […]
Karen W.
First impression of the office. Friendliness of the staff. Dr. Oppenheim asked me to tell him about myself, relaxing the initial meeting. I was pleased with the exam and feel comfortable with the […]
Cecelia C.
We Accept Most Insurance Plans!
Learn More

We accept most insurance plans and will be happy to help you understand the coverage that you have. We will do our best to see that you receive your maximum insurance benefits for all covered services.

No Insurance? No Worries! See our discounts and offers here

Office Hours
  • Monday 8:30 AM - 7:00 PM
  • Tuesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
  • Wednesday 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Thursday 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
  • Friday 8:00 AM - 4:30 PM
  • Saturday Closed
  • Sunday Closed
Get in touch:
  • Phone: (443) 898-1240
Our Location